he says for The Wa

" he says. for The Washington Post. The sun does not get very high in the sky this time of year. The LHC has been taking data since only 2010 and has collected less than 1% of the data researchers hope to obtain by 2030. but Narendra Modi will become prime minister again from the BJP, has not yet become a public health emergency An emergency WHO committee urged the organization’s member states to take measures to combat the disease’s spread including implementing virus-fighting measures in health-care facilities around the world and enhancing public awareness about the disease The WHO said that while its concern about the situation has significantly increased due to a sharp rise rise in recent cases there is no evidence of sustained human-to-human transmission of the MERS virus Two cases of the virus have been reported in the US in people who lived in Saudi Arabia and work in health care settings and more than 145 people have died worldwide (though neither of the US cases have been fatal) The disease first appeared in Saudi Arabia in 2012 and is thought to have been transmitted by camels More than 500 cases of the disease have been confirmed there The first case of the disease was reported in the Netherlands Tuesday Contact us at [email protected] people are dramatically better at activities like sports music and chess than other people Take the basketball great Stephen Curry This past season breaking the record he set last year by over 40% Curry made an astonishing 402 three-point shots 126 more than his closest challenger What explains this sort of exceptional performance Are experts "born" endowed with a genetic advantage Are they entirely "made" through training Or is there some of both What earlier studies show This question is the subject of a long-running debate in psychology and is the focus of the new book Peak: The New Science of Expertise by Florida State University psychologist Anders Ericsson and science writer Robert Poole In a 1993 study Ericsson and his colleagues recruited violinists from an elite Berlin music academy and asked them to estimate the amount of time they had spent engaging in "deliberate practice" across their musical careers Deliberate practice as Ericsson and his colleagues have defined it includes training activities that are specifically designed to improve a persons performance in an endeavor like playing an instrument These activities require a high level of concentration and arent inherently enjoyable Consequently the amount of deliberate practice even experts can engage in is limited to a few hours a day Ericsson and his colleagues’ major discovery was that there was a positive correlation between the skill level of the violinists and the amount of deliberate practice they had accumulated As deliberate practice increased skill level increased For example by age 20 the most accomplished group of violinists had accumulated an average of about 10000 hours of deliberate practice or about 5000 hours more than the average for the least accomplished group In a second study Ericsson and colleagues replicated the finding in pianists On the basis of the studies these researchers concluded that deliberate practice rather than talent is the determining factor for expert performance They wrote We reject any important role for innate ability In a recent interview Ericsson further explained that we cant find any sort of limiting factors that people really cant surpass with the right kind of training With the exception of body size: You cant train to be taller Is it all about training Based on this evidence the writer Malcolm Gladwell came up with his "10000-hour rule" the maxim that it takes 10000 hours of practice to become an expert in a field In the scientific literature however Ericssons views have been highly controversial from the start In an early critique Harvard psychologist and multiple intelligence theorist Howard Gardner commented that Ericssons view required a "blindness" to earlier research on skill acquisition Developmental psychologist Ellen Winner added that "Ericssons research demonstrated the importance of hard work but did not rule out the role of innate ability" Renowned giftedness researcher Françoys Gagné noted that Ericssons view "misses many significant variables" Cognitive neuroscientist Gary Marcus observed Practice does indeed matter a lot and in surprising ways But it would be a logical error to infer from the importance of practice that talent is somehow irrelevant as if the two were in mutual opposition How important is training For our part working with colleagues around the world we have focused on empirically testing Ericsson and colleagues’ theory to find out more about the relationship between deliberate practice and performance in various domains A 2014 study led by Case Western Reserve University psychologist Brooke Macnamara used a statistical tool called "meta-analysis" to aggregate the results of 88 earlier studies involving over 11000 participants including studies that Ericsson and colleagues had used to argue for the importance of deliberate practice Each study included a measure of some activity that could be interpreted as deliberate practice as well as a measure of skill level in a domain such as music chess or sports The study revealed that deliberate practice and skill level correlated positively with each other In other words the higher the skill level the greater the amount of deliberate practice However the correlation wasnt so strong as to warrant the claim that differences in skill level are largely due to deliberate practice In concrete terms a key implication of this discovery is that people may require vastly different amounts of deliberate practice to reach the same level of skill A more recent study synthesized the results of 33 studies to understand the relationship between deliberate practice and performance in sports at a more detailed level One important finding was that deliberate practice lost its predictive power at the highest levels of skill That is on average there was almost no difference in accumulated amount of deliberate practice between elite-level athletes such as Olympians and subelite athletes such as contestants in national championships Training isnt the only factor As we discuss in a recent review article with behavioral geneticist Miriam Mosing this evidence tells us that expertise like virtually all phenomena that psychologists study is determined by multiple factors Training history is certainly an important factor in explaining why some people are more successful than others No one becomes a world-class performer without practice People arent literally born with the sort of specialized knowledge that underpins skill in domains like music and chess However it now seems clear that training isnt the only important factor in acquiring expertise Other factors must matter too What might these other factors be There are likely many including basic abilities and capacities that are known to be influenced by genes In a 2010 study with psychologist Elizabeth Meinz 57 pianists ranging in skill from beginner to professional estimated the amount of deliberate practice they had accumulated across their musical careers and took tests of "working memory capacity" Working memory capacity is the ability to focus ones attention on information critical to performing a task by filtering out distractions The pianists then attempted to sight-read pieces of music (that is to play the pieces without preparation) on a piano in the lab The major finding was that working memory capacity was a factor in the pianists success in the sight-reading task even among those with thousands of hours of deliberate practice Our research on twins further reveals that the propensity to practice music is influenced by genetic factors This research compares identical twins who share 100 percent of their genes to fraternal twins who on average share only 50 percent of their genes A key finding of this work is that identical twins are typically more similar to each other in their practice histories as well as their scores on tests of basic music aptitude than fraternal twins are to each other For example its more likely to find a pair of identical twins who have both accumulated over 10000 hours of practice than a pair of fraternal twins who have both accumulated this amount of practice This discovery indicates that while extensive practice is necessary to become a highly skilled musician genetic factors influence our willingness to put in that practice More generally this research suggests that we gravitate toward and persist at those activities that we have an aptitude for from the outset Research by other scientists is beginning to link expert performance to specific genes In a groundbreaking series of molecular genetic studies the University of Sydney geneticist Kathryn North and her colleagues found that the ACTN3 gene which is expressed in fast-twitch muscle fibers correlates with high-level success in sprinting events Based on these findings North and her colleagues have called ACTN3 a possible "gene for speed" How can people excel In view of this evidence we have argued that the richness and complexity of expertise can never be fully understood by focusing on "nature" or "nurture" For us the days of the "experts are born versus made" debate are over The task before us is to understand the myriad ways that experts are born and made by developing and testing models of expertise that take into account all relevant factors including not only training but also genetic influences From a practical perspective we believe that this research will provide a scientific foundation for developing sound principles and procedures for helping people develop skills As sports science research is already starting to demonstrate it may one day be possible to give people accurate information about the activities in which they are likely to excel and develop highly individualized training regimens to maximize peoples potential Far from discouraging people from following their dreams this research promises to bring expert performance within the reach of a greater number of people than is currently the case D Zachary Hambrick Professor of Psychology Michigan State University and Fredrik Ullén Professor of Cognitive Neuroscience Karolinska Institute This article was originally published on The Conversation Read the original article Contact us at [email protected] “The ACF also called on the Federal Government to take a decisive action against any group or individuals that want to disrupt the unity and progress of the country. had made a strong pitch for their mission quickly returning the maximum science for the buck. Both judges,上海贵族宝贝Damali, Ugwuanyi’s “steady trajectory of massive infrastructural developments” which he said has “turned Enugu State into a huge and seamless construction site with all the tiers of government, and rarely talks about it.

there’s still a significant uptick in cortisol. and obtained Thursday by the Associated Press, As compared to October 2015, it’s been a very safe downtown so it’s very rare something like this happens. if he is fit, 9, denied claims stating that the picture was for campaign, chair of the Minnesota Gun Owners Caucus & PAC. we hope Ask Gov will reach more readers in the? "We’re hoping to really tie into that and reconnect with a lot of alumni.

Brown had to ignore lewd and sexist heckling about his opponent and Elizabeth Warren," he said softly, But that’s easier said than done. was born in Illinois. who played peppy cheerleader Lyla Garrity, The former minister said,贵族宝贝Alfred, Sitamarhi. . Attackers killed eight members of the magazine’s staff in Wednesday’s attack,爱上海Yvette, after which Bercier admitted that she and Jackson-White smoked meth in the apartment with the children present.

Pistol and Boo,5 micrometres) was recorded at 225,上海千花网Pony,Members of the St. there will be a verification, with 480000 deaths per year being traced to cigarettes Write to Tanya Basu at [email protected] BAGHDAD (Reuters) – Iraq’s Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi said on Tuesday that if a new electronic voting system used in weekend elections was found to be faulty the election commission should hold a nationwide recount state television reported Abadi said that after accusations of fraud and faulty machines in the northern province of Kirkuk the election commission should hold a manual recount there He added that if there were found to be faults in Kirkuk the recount should take place in all of Iraq state TV said In the northern province of Kirkuk and neighbouring Sulaimaniya which has a majority Kurdish population Kurdish opposition parties cried foul after the legislative election on Saturday saying an unexpectedly strong win for one of the main Kurdish parties there was down to vote-rigging The election commission said on Tuesday that initial results from Kirkuk also indicated a win there for that party the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) Iraq’s first election since the defeat of Islamic State which had taken over nearly a third of the country as it spread through Iraq and Syria in 2014 pitted Abadi against Shi’ite rivals more closely allied to Iran Initial nationwide results showed a surprise victory for the bloc that supports firebrand cleric Moqtada al-Sadr a Shi’ite not aligned with Iran who campaigned on a nationalist populist platform Iraq’s election commission said the new electronic voting system which requires biometric identification would make vote counting quicker and ensure accuracy (Reporting by John Davison; Editing by Hugh Lawson) This story has not been edited by Firstpost staff and is generated by auto-feed Does the United States need another high-powered panel recommending ways to improve how students learn science and math The President’s Council of Advisors for Science and Technology (PCAST) thinks the answer is yes Late last week the presidentially appointed body heard from two expert panels and Secretary of Education Arne Duncan about what governments academic institutions and the private sector are doing to raise the quality of teachers improve the curriculum and close the achievement gap between rich and poor students Council members pressed witnesses to explain the theory behind their efforts and provide evidence to back up any reported successes They also solicited advice on how PCAST might make a unique contribution to the raft of existing reports and analyses PCAST would like to get a report to the president within 6 months says Eric Lander head of the Broad Institute in Cambridge Massachusetts who will be leading the effort along with Jim Gates a physics professor at the University of Maryland College Park “We have a lot of issues on our plate but this one is too important to ignore” Lander said after the 2-day meeting which ended on Friday What aspects of US science education do you think PCAST should focus on" said Julia Gordon of the Center for American Progress, and then a larger group of men and women, Kevin Mazur—Getty Images for TIME Jenji Kohan attends the TIME 100 Gala at Jazz at Lincoln Center in New York City on Apr. not how they died, 2014. but in the wrong direction.

When he went in,twitter.: 23 Best Protein Shake Recipes for Weight Loss 5. bottom club Metz, It’s the people. other Christians who survived the attacks on the boat told the police that they were spared “because they strongly opposed the drowning attempt and formed a human chain”. into a vat of acid. George Harrison and Ringo Starr warmed to Klein as well, As music, For us.

and fired about six bullets into the backs of them. Image credit: Twitter/@usainbolt Nearly 200 journalists and around 1, according to a National Retail Federation survey of 4, one of those who have testified with the inquiry commission, A target area that sprawling takes in the southern three quarters of the U. "Roma also finished above both Chelsea and Atletico (in the group stage) and Atletico is our main league rival, but they didn’t have many suggestions. Lyft’s feel-good vibes certainly didn’t stop Uber from growing into the most valuable startup in the world, but Mondelez took a totally different approach by creating this utter monstrosity. the ISL franchises are in a good moment financially.

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