Population trends, breeding success and diet composition of gentoo Pygoscelis papua, magellanic Spheniscus magellanicus and rockhopper Eudyptes chrysocome penguins in the Falkland Islands

first_imgData on population size, breeding success and diet composition of gentoo (Pygoscelis papua), magellanic (Spheniscus magellanicus) and rockhopper (Eudyptes chrysocome) penguins, collected as part of the Falkland Island Seabird Monitoring Programme from 1986/1987 to 1998/1999, were analysed with regard to spatial and temporal variation, as well as potential interaction with local commercial fisheries. No significant population trends were detectable, mainly because of the short time-series and large spatial and inter-annual variation in the number of breeding pairs in the colonies monitored. However, the breeding success of all three penguin species has improved slightly over the last few years, indicating a potential for increasing populations in the near future. During the breeding season, all three penguin species preyed opportunistically on a mixture of fish, squid and crustaceans. Diet composition too showed a high degree of spatial and temporal variation. However, in all three penguin species studied, squid gradually disappeared from the diet over successive years, to be replaced by fish. Coincidentally, the commercial catches of the squid species Loligo gahi in Falkland Islands waters decreased and the by-catch of nototheniid fish increased. All three penguin species compete directly with the commercial fishing fleet for L. gahi; however, there may also be competition for Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides), hake (Merluccius sp.) and southern blue whiting (Micromesistius australis), because juveniles of these species were found regularly in penguin diets.last_img read more

Modelling diatom responses to climate induced fluctuations in the moisture balance in continental Antarctic lakes

first_imgThe water chemistry of lake systems on the edge of the Antarctic continent responds quickly to changes in the moisture balance. This is expressed as increasing salinity and decreasing lake water level during dry periods, and the opposite during wet periods. The diatom composition of the lakes also changes with these fluctuations in salinity and lake water depth. This is important, as their siliceous remains become incorporated into lake sediments and can provide long-term records of past salinity using transfer functions. In order to develop transfer functions, diatoms and water chemistry data were inter-calibrated from five different East Antarctic oases, namely the Larsemann Hills, the Bolingen Islands, the Vestfold Hills, the Rauer Islands and the Windmill Islands. Results indicate that salinity is the most important environmental variable explaining the variance in the diatom flora in East Antarctic lakes. In oligo- saline lakes the variance is mainly explained by lake water depth. This dataset was used to construct a weighted averaging transfer function for salinity in order to infer historical changes in the moisture balance. This model has a jack-knifed r(2) of 0.83 and a RMSEP of 0.31. The disadvantage of this transfer function is that salinity changes in oligo- saline lakes are reconstructed inaccurately due to the ‘edge effect’ and due to the low species turnover along the salinity gradient at its lower end. In order to infer changes in the moisture balance in these lakes, a second transfer function using weighted averaging partial least squares ( with two components) for depth was constructed. This model has a jack-knifed r(2) of 0.76 and a RMSEP of 0.22. Both transfer functions can be used to infer climate driven changes in the moisture balance in lake sediment cores from oligo-, hypo-, meso- and hyper-saline lakes in East Antarctic oases between 102-758degreesE. The transfer function for lake water depth is promising to track trends in the moisture balance of small freshwater lakes, where changes in shallow and deep-water sediments are readily reflected in changing diatom composition.last_img read more

Research Positions in the Center for Space and Atmospheric Research

first_imgJob DescriptionEmbry-Riddle Aeronautical University’s (ERAU’s) Center for Spaceand Atmospheric Research (CSAR) at the Daytona Beach, Florida,Campus seeks to fill multiple positions engaging in basicscientific research on wave propagation and dynamics in theatmosphere and ionosphere, and development and applications of newhigh-resolution numerical models for atmospheric dynamics andmulti-fluid ionospheric dynamics. These projects involve broadcollaborations with multiple research groups internal and externalto ERAU, including internationally. We are committed to diversity,equity, and inclusion in higher education and scientific research,and candidates from populations traditionally underrepresented, aswell as those committed to the success of those underrepresented,are strongly encouraged to apply.Nominally, we seek to fill two positions, although more may beconsidered:1) Research Assistant Professor, (~2-5 years post-PhD) withemphasis on nonlinear acoustic and acoustic-gravity wavepropagation in atmospheres using numerical simulation, viz.atmospheric computational fluid dynamics (CFD); demonstratedexperience in scientific communications (presentation,publication); numerical methods (finite volume or finite differencemethods); signal and data processing (Fourier and wavelet analysis,filtering), with understanding of high performance computingenvironments and code development, programming in Fortran or C/C++,and data visualization in Matlab, Python, or Paraview/VTK. Thisproject requires familiarity with direct simulation of theNavier-Stokes equations, ray-tracing, and nonlinear approximationsfor acoustic wave propagation. It requires ability and enthusiasmto work closely with a diverse team of collaborating students andpostdocs.2) Research Associate(s), (PhD) with emphasis on ionospheric orupper atmospheric physics and modeling, and/or generalizedexperience in application, modification, and development oflarge-scale numerical simulation codes (in Fortran 90 or later,and/or C/C++) for scientific applications (e.g., atmosphericmodels, CFD or multi-physics models). Experience with numericalmethods commonly used in CFD and plasma simulation is required, ormay be substituted with substantial experience (at a code level) inmodel mesh geometries, data structures, and data post-processing.This position values candidate experience in scientificcommunications (presentation, publication), ability to work with alarge and diverse software development team, and familiarity withanalyses of voluminous high-resolution model output using bespokecodes.Responsibilities may include:- Scientific research as pertinent to the project(s).- Dissemination/publication of results in journals and inconferences.- Assistance with mentoring of graduate students within the scopeof the project, or as funded by CSAR.QualificationsPhD in Engineering, Physics, or related Science disciplines; ~0-10years’ experience post-PhD, depending on position; experience andexpertise consistent with the Position Descriptionrequirements.Application / Process:Candidates must submit a CV and Cover Letter, and clearly indicatethe position to which they are applying. Note that these requiredifferent experience and qualifications. Review of applicants willbegin immediately. The position will be filled pending confirmedavailability of support, for an initial term of one year;extensions or renewals are possible, contingent on performance andavailability of funding. Due to the pandemic, these positions areeligible for (or may require) routine remote / off-campus work.Anticipated start dates are in January 2021.Please direct any questions about these positions to JonathanSnively ( [email protected] ) and/or Matthew Zettergren ([email protected] ).last_img read more

County Prosecutors Continue Fight Against Substance Abuse At Court Summit

first_imgCounty prosecutors from all over the state were in attendance on July 25 for the Indiana Court system’s statewide substance abuse summit. The Indiana Supreme Court invited county leaders and stakeholders to attend the summit, from prosecutors and judges to law enforcement officials and doctors. All 92 counties in the state were represented in some capacity at the event. Attendance by numerous prosecutors shows a commitment to confronting the state’s ongoing substance abuse problem and learning best practices for how to deal with and treat people struggling with addiction.“As a prosecuting attorney, public safety is paramount and if there is an opportunity to make our communities safer we have a responsibility to explore those options,” said Ric Hertel, Ripley County prosecutor. “It was encouraging to see people from varied disciplines come together with like goals in mind.”Attendees heard in-depth discussions about Medication Assisted Treatment to help combat the cravings and withdrawals of substance abuse. Medication Assisted Treatment must have proper assessments and protocols in place to avoid diversion and misuse of these medicines. Careful monitoring and accountability is a must for these programs to be successful.  Whether it is opioids or some other abused drug, every county in Indiana has felt a strain due to substance abuse. Pat Harrington, the prosecutor for Tippecanoe County, said the effects of the ongoing drug crisis is manifesting itself in his office via loaded court dockets dealing with drug issues.“Across the state, everyone is loaded down with drug cases, we don’t have enough people in our office,” Harrington said. “And I’m hearing that from everyone I’ve talked to.”The hope with a carefully and competently monitored Medication Assisted Treatment is that people regularly taking medication to suppress the urge to abuse drugs may be less likely to re-offend or overdose. Often it takes up to two years for the brain to heal from the damage caused by substance abuse. Fewer people going through the justice system will give some relief to courts, attorneys, and local jails. Most importantly it will make Indiana healthier and safer. FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

18-year-old man killed after being caught in gunfire

first_img (Photo supplied/Benton Harbor Department of Public Safety) An 18-year-old man was killed in a shooting in Benton Harbor.The following information about the shooting was sent to 95.3 MNC from the Benton Harbor Department of Public Safety:On December 21st, 2020 at 1340 Hours, Officers of BHDPS responded to the 800 Block of Ogden and also the surrounding streets for numerous complaints of gunfire. While on route to the area officers were advised that there was an 18-year-old male that was dropped off at Spectrum Lakeland Emergency Room.The 18-year-old male later died at the hospital, and it was revealed that the male was struck in the incidents of gunfire that BHDPS officers were actively investigating. Early information in the investigation shows the 18-year-old was not the intended target.Suspects and motive are being sought, the investigation is still ongoing. During the course of investigation several arrests have been made for existing warrants that were unrelated to this issue. All names have been withheld pending further investigation.Anyone who witnessed this incident or has information about the incident requested to contact the Tipline at 269-927-0293 or Crime Stoppers at 1-800-342-STOP (7867) or provide information anonymously via the TIP411 app in your app store. Search your app store by entering Benton Harbor DPS. Previous articleSt. Joseph County Commissioners veto of leaf burning ban overriddenNext articleFood safety tips from the USDA for your holiday table Jon ZimneyJon Zimney is the News and Programming Director for News/Talk 95.3 Michiana’s News Channel and host of the Fries With That podcast. Follow him on Twitter @jzimney. IndianaLocalNews Facebook Google+ Twitter Pinterest WhatsApp WhatsApp Twitter Facebook By Jon Zimney – December 23, 2020 0 375 Pinterest 18-year-old man killed after being caught in gunfire Google+last_img read more

The Road To Rooster Walk: Paul Hoffman Of Greensky Bluegrass Talks Songwriting

first_img“All of a sudden there’s a song – there in your hotel room playing your guitar – and you write it, and two or three years later it will come true. It keeps you on your toes.”These words, spoken by Townes Van Zandt, support a popular notion of the songwriter in American popular culture: A rambling man, on the road with a band, playing venues both squalid and splendid, creating songs from thin air with little more than a beat up guitar, bottle of booze and hotel notepad. And there’s no doubt that countless great tunes have been written in such a manner. But there’s another question worth asking: In 2017, are most songs written that way?To find out, we spoke with six songwriters who will be at the ninth annual Rooster Walk Music & Arts Festival over Memorial Day weekend (May 25-28) in Martinsville, Va. These six artists: Paul Hoffman (Greensky Bluegrass), Anders Osborne, Andrew Marlin (Mandolin Orange), Lyle Divinksy (The Motet), Marcus King, and Wood Robinson (Mipso) bring different backgrounds, hometowns, experience levels and genres to the craft of songwriting. Perhaps unsurprisingly, they write songs in different manners.Read on to learn about the unique process that Greensky Bluegrass uses to create the songs you know and love.Editor’s Note: This is the second story in a six-part “Road to Rooster Walk” series about the craft and process of songwriting. The mandolin player and primary songwriter for Greensky Bluegrass, Paul Hoffman is an unabashed proponent of the smartphone as a songwriting tool.“I love my iPhone. I’m sorry. … (I use it) all the time, it’s very, very, very, very important to me, because I’m writing stream of consciousness, just singing stuff. I’m not even sure what I’m writing about,” he said. “Just words that appeal to me, I’m connecting in a way. Then I have to go back later and figure out what I actually said.”Hoffman keeps a running log of song lyrics, ideas, hooks and phrases in his phone, but prefers to do most of his writing with a guitar in hand, spouting lyrics off the top of his head until he hits on something that holds his attention.“If I stop and try to write it down, I often will forget what the song was doing. So I will just keep singing the same verse over and over again until I think I’ve got most of the words the way I want them, and then record it,” he explained it. “And then you start working on another verse. And then add that verse, record that verse sometimes, then go back later and write it out, see what the words look like. Or try to listen to it and do it all at once. But I’ll forget stuff real fast that I’m (creating) stream-of-conscious way.”He doesn’t concern himself with the chord progression of a song-in-progress. In fact, at times he intentionally uses the same simple chord progressions for multiple songs, because that helps him find the meter and hear how the words fit.Hoffman also makes it a point to avoid writing literally. Instead, he prefers to connect visual images and descriptive phrases that can paint a picture, or conjure an emotion, for the listener.“I’ll apply similar ideas emotionally, but not necessarily a linear story, so maybe they don’t tell a story or make sense together, but I like the way they convey an emotion together,” he said. “So when I’m halfway (done), I kind of have to look it and be like, ‘What’s missing to this point, here? This line’s cool; this line’s cool. I like how they conjure this feeling that works together, but, like, what do they mean? And what’s not there?’ And that’s how I kind of analyze them or edit them and then finish them.”Another trait that makes Hoffman’s writing style unique is his preferred pace of songwriting: He doesn’t typically write every single day, and what’s more, he doesn’t like to write songs in one sitting.He prefers to start a song, and then let it sit.“I kind of like a song to be unfinished until it needs to be finished, whether that be just a couple finishing touches or a couple more verses. If I’m not playing it (in public), I’m sort of open to changing it and rewriting it over and over again,” he said. “But sometimes, if I’m feeling the idea, if I like it or whatever, and it’s in my head, I’ll finish it in a week or two, maybe. Maybe that week. Maybe a couple days. It all depends.”Many times, the looming deadline of a new album leads to finished songs.“I get stuck on stuff,” he explained. “The tune that’s the title track of the record, ‘Hold On,’ it’s got the ‘shouted, written down and quoted’ line in it. I wrote the first verse of that song and then didn’t write the rest of the song for almost two years. I was stuck on it. I liked the verse so much that I couldn’t figure out where to go from there. And then in the process of preparing to record the record, I sat down with a lot of my half-finished stuff and just tried to figure it out.”Songwriters who influence Paul: Josh Davis (“Probably the biggest influence on me of all. When he started writing the way he was writing, I kind of heard my voice in his songs. And it taught me a lot, and he’s a good friend of mine.” Ryan Adams, Jason Isbell. Phish (“Melodically, the things they do. Not always lyrically.”)Song: “Hold On”Next Week on the Road to Rooster Walk: Marcus Kinglast_img read more

STS9 Surprises Fans By Playing Unannounced ‘Artifact’ Set On Their 20th Anniversary [Video/Photo]

first_imgSTS9 | Mill & Mine | Knoxville, TN | 10/3/2017 | Photo: Christian Stewart Load remaining images Setlist: STS9 | Mill & Mine | Knoxville, TN | 10/3/2017Set One: Musical Story Yes, Better Day > By the Morning Sun, Tokyo, ARTiFACT, Native End > ReEmergence*, Peoples*, GLOgli**, Today > Tonight the Ocean Swallowed the MoonSet Two: Forest Hu > Somesing, Trinocular > Vibyl, 8 & a extra, Possibilities*, Peoples pt. II, first mist over Clear Lake > Music, UsEncore: We’ll Meet In Our DreamsSHOW NOTES: *extended DnB jam | **Modular outrocenter_img STS9 is currently on tour right now, coming off of a fiery three-night run at the iconic Red Rocks Amphitheater in Morrison, Colorado, in celebration of the band’s 20th year together as a group. On the first night of Tribe’s Red Rocks run, the band treated fans to an old-school throwback set, which saw the group perform its seminal album, Artifact, in its entirety.STS9 Performs Entire “Artifact” Album At Red Rocks [Photos/Video]Relive The Glory Of STS9’s Red Rocks Run With These Gorgeous Photos And VideosYesterday marked the official 20th anniversary of STS9, and the group prepared a very special show for fans. Those who made it to the group’s performance at Mill & Mine in Knoxville, Tennessee, were greeted at the door with flyers announcing that Tribe would be performing a rare Artifact set in its entirety once again. The band did not promote this special performance, treating its truly dedicated fans for a special treat in celebration of STS9’s 20th anniversary. You can check out the setlist for the performance below, plus check out photos from STS9’s 20th-anniversary show at Mill & Mine below, courtesy of Christian Stewart.last_img read more

More than just a job

first_imgThis summer, like those in the past, many teenagers will spend their school breaks looking for work, but the sad reality is that many won’t find it.For years, economists, politicians, and community leaders have been sounding the alarm about the growing youth job crisis. The teen unemployment rate is over 20 percent, compared with less than 7 percent for workers of all ages. A recent study by the Brookings Institute found that the percentage of working teens in the United States dropped to just 24 percent percent in 2011, down from 44 percent in 2000. The study also showed that in Greater Boston, only one in three teens held a job.For many teens, a summer job is more than just a paycheck. It’s a chance to learn how to meet deadlines, be accountable, and contribute to a team. These skills build character and the job experience can put teens on paths to future success. Experts say that holding down a job as a teenager, with the accompanying development of job skills, ultimately translates into higher lifetime earnings.With such concerns in mind, for more than 15 years Harvard’s Summer Youth Employment Program has been helping local teenagers develop strong work habits, establish networks, and gain motivation and real-world experience, as well as earn a paycheck.“It’s critically important for Harvard to continue to take a leadership role in the community and help these young people grow, learn workplace skills, and possibly meet a mentor.  For many of us, it was a summer job that established our lifetime trajectory, and we hope that will be the case for these young people,” said Kevin Casey, acting vice president of public affairs and communications at Harvard.  “We’ve made a real difference in past years, and once again we’re really encouraging managers to hire a teen in their department this summer.”“The summer job program contributes to both our summer hires and to the University,” said Marilyn Hausammann, vice president for human resources at Harvard. “Local teens build skills and gain valuable work experience, and Harvard gains good and cost-effective summer help. And it all contributes to good community relations.”“The summer job program contributes to both our summer hires and to the University,” said Marilyn Hausammann, vice president for human resources at Harvard. File photo by Jon Chase/Harvard Staff PhotographerMeaghan Twohig of Boston has participated in the program for the past two summers, working in the University’s recruitment office. “It was a really great experience for me,” she said. “I learned so many things. We had weekly seminars on topics like how to work in a professional environment, how to build a resume, how to interview, how to manage our finances, how to save for college. It was so much more than just a job. I feel like it is one of the most mature summer positions someone can have. The experience really made a difference in my life.”Idva Cako, who’s returning for her second summer, agreed. “This experience helped prepare me for the real world because I learned how to network, how to dress and act professionally, and I gained valuable work experience,” she said.Isabel Quintana, the cataloging manager at Harvard Library, and her department have participated in the program for more than seven years. “Our teen workers have such enthusiasm and such an eagerness to do the job — and do it well,” Quintana said. “These are local teens, and so we’re excited to expose them to some of the remarkable libraries that are virtually in their own backyards, and they’re excited because they get to spend time on Harvard’s campus. It’s really a great program.”Teens take on a variety of hands-on assignments, including office support, library help, writing, and scheduling. The expense for the term (July 7 to Aug. 15) is less than $2,500 (full-time), and the hours and dates may be adjusted to fit a department’s needs and means. The program also supports Harvard staff members in submitting job postings, receiving student resumes, and advising on how to manage high school students.“We’ve participated in the program for the past two years,” said Timothy Fater of the Kennedy School. It “offers very smart, driven candidates. Each one of them will be ready to jump right in and help, and will be eager to do so and learn. It is a great service to the community too — certainly a worthwhile venture.”Those on campus looking to hire can call 617-496-7298 or visit the Harvie website and click on Summer Youth Employment Program.Job placement occurs through Boston Mayor Martin J. Walsh and Cambridge Mayor David Maher’s offices. Public school teenagers looking for employment from Boston can visit the Boston Private Industry Council’s website. The council manages the private-sector component of the Mayor’s Summer Jobs Campaign. Teenagers living in Cambridge can apply through the Summer Jobs Campaign.last_img read more

David Hibbard, Max Crumm and Judy Gold Join Disaster! Off-Broadway

first_img Disaster! Directed and cowritten by Jack Plotnick and starring co-creator and co-writer Seth Rudetsky, Disaster! is set on a summer night in Manhattan in 1979 and follows a group of NYC A-listers who party at the grand opening of a floating casino/disco—until disaster strikes. Earthquakes, tidal waves, infernos, killer bees, rats, sharks and piranhas all threaten the guests, who sing some of the biggest hits of the ‘70s, including “Hot Stuff,” “I Am Woman,” “Knock on Wood” and more. Disaster! features costume design by Brian Hemesath, scenic and lighting design by Josh Iacovelli, sound design by Brett Rothstein and musical supervision by Steve Marzullo. View Comments Related Showscenter_img Show Closed This production ended its run on April 11, 2014 The cast of Disaster! also includes features Haven Burton, Charity Dawson, Matt Farcher, Tom Riis Farrell, Stace Oristano, Jennifer Simard, Jonah Verdon, Sherz Aletaha, Saum Eskandani and Maggie McDowell. Disaster!, the critically-acclaimed 1970s disaster movie musical now playing off-Broadway at the St. Luke’s Theatre, will welcome David Hibbard (Billy Elliot, Cats), Max Crumm (Grease) and as previously announced Judy Gold to the show in February. Hibbard will begin performances as Tony February 4, Crumm as Scott on February 14 and Gold as Shirley on February 10.last_img read more

Letters to the Editor for Friday, Jan. 11

first_imgCategories: Letters to the Editor, OpinionUse the shutdown savings to fund wallI read that about 800,000 government contractors are going unpaid due to the government shutdown. Assuming an average annual wage of $78,000 and figuring they have been out of work for three weeks, the government has so far saved $3.6 billion.Somebody should tell Trump that more than half the money is now available for his wall.Actually he could improve his design, or also put a wall up towards Canada, or make real KZ trailers for immigrants. The longer he waits, the more money he saves. Perhaps he will tell us that already.Bernd WestphalClifton Park Wood cutter needs more safety gearIt was nice to see a photo in the Jan. 9 Daily Gazette of a young man, Jake Armlin, sawing up some firewood, but this person should be aware of the dangers that he’s subjecting himself to. He‘s standing on top of logs while cutting up wood, which is not a very safe practice. He also doesn’t have on any protective eye-wear or hearing protectors. Additionally, he doesn’t have more protective leg-wear than a pair of jeans. If he wants to continue cutting up his firewood, he should really consider doing this while following safer practices.Rit SzczepanskiNorthville Build foot bridge to Scotia from StockadeAmsterdam has a lovely pedestrian bridge that spans the Mohawk River connecting south Amsterdam to north Amsterdam. The bridge has plaques of the local history, plus a few built-in benches and gardens that line the sides of the span.center_img The people of Amsterdam have made this bridge a local focal point for special occasions, a gathering place for celebrations and remembrances.Schenectady should have a pedestrian bridge. I’ve got a good suggestion for its location: the bottom of Washington Avenue in the Stockade.The bridge should span the river to the Scotia side at the intersection of Schonowee and Washington avenues. There are abutments still visible on both sides from the original bridge that crossed at this exact location. This bridge was built in 1806, and over the years was made into a covered bridge. It also accommodated the train tracks for the FJ&G railroad. Upon completion of the Great Western Gateway Bridge in 1925, the old bridge was demolished. A perfect location, as it’s the site of the first Schenectady settlement in 1661.Schenectady should have celebrated its 350th birthday in 2011. If there were any celebrations, I didn’t hear of them.Our 360th birthday is coming up in 2021. Let’s celebrate big time.  Let’s build a walking bridge that connects us to Scotia. We share so much of our history. It was Johannes Glen of Scotia, in 1691 when the Schenectady Massacre took place, who negotiated with the Indians and rescued many of our original settlers. Here’s hoping we can get this done.Winnie BalzSchenectadyMore from The Daily Gazette:EDITORIAL: Beware of voter intimidationFoss: Should main downtown branch of the Schenectady County Public Library reopen?Gov. Andrew Cuomo’s press conference for Sunday, Oct. 18EDITORIAL: Thruway tax unfair to working motoristsEDITORIAL: Urgent: Today is the last day to complete the censuslast_img read more