Late Cretaceous palaeoenvironments and biotas: an Antarctic perspective

first_imgThe Cretaceous period is often regarded as one of “greenhouse” warmth, with perhaps its acme occurring in the late Albian stage (100 Ma ago). However, it is now apparent that, even at this time, there were significant meridional temperature gradients and distinct temperate biotas in the highest latitude regions. This is particularly so in the Southern Hemisphere, where an extensive Albian fossil record from Antarctica, Australia and New Zealand has revealed the presence of austral floras and faunas. With the recent improvements in stratigraphical correlations, it has become possible to trace the later Cretaceous palaeoenvironmental record in the Antarctic Peninsula region. Unfortunately, resolution of the early Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian–Coniacian stages) is still imprecise; there are some indications of strongly differentiated palynological assemblages, but studies of both macrofaunas and palaeotemperature estimates are incomplete. By the Santonian–Campanian, high-latitude biotas are well developed in the James Ross Island region and their enhancement through the final stages of the Cretaceous can be linked to a phase of global cooling. The persistence of low diversity temperate communities in high latitude regions may be of considerable ecological and evolutionary significance. For example, there is evidence to suggest that these communities may have been more resistant to mass extinction events; they may also have been important source regions for replacement taxa that arose after such events.last_img read more

Scoreboard roundup –2/22/21

first_img Written by FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailiStockBy ABC News(NEW YORK) — Here are the scores from Monday’s sports events:NATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATIONChicago 120, Houston 100Dallas 102, Memphis 92Phoenix 132, Portland 100Miami 108, Oklahoma City 94Utah 132, Charlotte 110Washington 127, LA Lakers 124 (OT)San Antonio at Indiana (Postponed)NATIONAL HOCKEY LEAGUENY Islanders 3, Buffalo 2Calgary 3, Toronto 0Florida 3, Dallas 1Tampa Bay 4, Carolina 2Los Angeles 3, St. Louis 0Vegas 3, Colorado 0Arizona 4, Anaheim 3Minnesota 6, San Jose 2TOP-25 COLLEGE BASKETBALLOklahoma St. 74, Texas Tech 69Southern Cal 72, Oregon 58West Virginia at TCU (Postponed)Copyright © 2021, ABC Audio. All rights reserved. Beau Lundcenter_img February 23, 2021 /Sports News – National Scoreboard roundup –2/22/21last_img read more

Brexit hits Merton food supply chain

first_imgMerton College has been approached for comment. Under the Northern Ireland Protocol, the country remains in the EU single market for goods while the rest of the UK has left. This means that food being transported to Northern Ireland from the UK will have to undergo the same customs checks and paperwork as exports to EU countries such as France. Marks & Spencer have warned that 15% of food lines could be unavailable in its shops in Northern Ireland as a result of new import tariffs and other red tape. The ports at Dover and Folkestone have been relatively quiet since the UK left the EU, which is partially down to pre-Christmas and Brexit stockpiling undertaken by some retailers. However Holyhead, the UK’s second largest ferry port, has experienced significant disruption as goods being exported to Northern Ireland have to face new bureaucracy. This article has been updated to include a statement from Michael Gove MP. Some EU firms have stopped delivering to the UK following the imposition of VAT rules, which require the tax to be collected at the point of sale instead of at the point of entry to the UK. Several mail freight companies including DHS, UPS and FedEx/TNT have increased the cost of their services to the UK to account for new customs clearance costs. In an email sent to Merton students, the Domestic Bursar warned that “our food supply chain is currently being impacted by the effects of the national lockdown and post-Brexit border arrangements with the EU”. This disruption would affect the food available at short notice. As a result, food served at the college may be different from what the menu listed. The email did not specify which areas of the supply chain are affected. Image: DWR/CC BY-SA 2.5 via Wikimedia Commonscenter_img Merton will still provide catering services for students who return in Hilary. Minister for the Cabinet Office Michael Gove has warned hauliers to expect “significant additional disruption” at the Dover-Calais crossing over the coming weeks. He stressed the need for the government to “communicate the precise paperwork that’s required in order to make sure that trade can flow freely.” One example of disruption cited in Parliament was the £17,500 tariff charged on a shipment of bananas from Ghana upon arrival at Portsmouth. As a member of the European Union, the UK had a trade deal with Ghana worth £722 million in exports and £498 million in imports including fruit, cocoa and oil. The UK government had not managed to roll over the trade deal by January 1st, although a statement by the Department for International Trade have said that an arrangement with the African country “within weeks.” The news comes as concern grows over the impact of Britain’s exit from the European Union on trade in and out of the country. Iconic British businesses such as John Lewis and Fortnum & Mason have suspended deliveries to the EU and Northern Ireland due to new trade regulations. UK businesses now how to calculate the cost of tariffs for any goods they export to the EU, along with providing further paper work including a £150 health certificate for each consignment of food. The Domestic Bursar of Merton College has revealed that a combination of the national lockdown and Brexit have disrupted the college’s food supply chain.last_img read more

Campden highlights importance of gluten-free

first_imgIndependent food research firm Campden BRI will host a two-day conference for bakers and food manufacturers to examine the technological challenges associated with gluten-free baking.The ’Gluten-free bakery technology’ event, which will take place on 30-31 October at Campden’s Chipping Campden base in Gloucestershire, will host a number of seminars and technical sessions looking at the issues of producing a gluten-free bakery offering.Presentations will include Lucinda Bruce-Gardyne, founder of gluten-free bakery brand Genius, Lauren Tredgett, free-from buyer at Tesco, and Richard Boulding of clean label ingredient firm Ulrick and Short.Other talks include Norma McGough, head of diet and health at charity Coeliac UK, who will offer an insight into Coeliac disease and gluten intolerance, as well as representatives of Campden BRI who will discuss areas such as allergen management, gluten testing and monitoring, legislation and developments in gluten-free bread and cake.The first day of the conference will end with a dinner at The Pudding Club at the Three Ways Hotel in Mickleton.last_img read more

The Snow Moon and other winter treats

first_imgThe super moon (snow moon) taken Feb. 19 from Voter Hill in Farmington. (Jim Dwinal)The super moon (snow moon) taken Feb. 19 from Voter Hill in Farmington. (Jim Dwinal)This sap house will be boiling sap to make maple syrup in a couple of weeks. (Jim Dwinal)View of Clearwater Lake on a sunny day in February. (Jim Dwinal)Beautiful mountain view from Mosher Hill in Farmington Maine. (Jim Dwinal)Jack Frost visits us every night now. (Gil Riley)Jack Frost visits us every night now. (Gil Riley)Ice shutting us in and out. (Jane Knox)Ice cold winter Sunsets: a 9 degrees sunny day in Rangeley. (Jane Knox)You never know what you’re going to see by the light of the moon. A Gray Fox. Wilton. (Jim Knox)A woodpecker gets some sun time. Wilton. (Jim Knox)All of a sudden here she is and gone. They don’t stay long; a female cardinal Wilton. (Jim Knox)A white-breasted Nuthatch lets me take its picture. Wilton. (Jim Knox)The Chickadee withstands Maine weather well. This day it was about 15 degrees in the middle of the day! Wilton. (Jim Knox)A hawk watch! Never moving for the longest time was this Blue Jay. He had his eye on danger! Wilton. (Jim Knox)View of Mt. Blue from behind my house. I love to see the deep blue sky against the bright snow in the sun! (Bernadette Harvell)last_img read more

Culinary Institute of America leads Asian cuisines boot camp at Harvard

first_img Mise en place ready for recipe execution during HUDS’ Asian Cuisines training. Chef Shirley Cheng from the Culinary Institute of America. Chef Shirley Cheng, a Professor of Culinary Arts at the Hyde Park, NY campus of the Culinary Institute of America, visited Harvard University Dining Services’ (HUDS) kitchens from June 3–6, 2017 to run its team of chefs through an intensive Asian cuisines training.Fourteen chefs received instruction in the techniques of the cuisines of China, Japan, Thailand, Korea and Vietnam. Each day ‘s training included a brief history of the regional cuisines, as well as hands-on execution of an extensive menu.“These are some of the most popular cuisines with our students,” noted HUDS’ Managing Director, David P. Davidson, “and many are ‘home cooking’ for our diverse undergraduate community. It was important to improve the authenticity of our execution of these dishes.” Each day’s training included the preparation of approximately 20 dishes, which were then presented by the chef who executed them, while all tasted. Beginning in the fall of 2017, those recipes will begin to appear on the HUDS undergraduate dining hall menu.“My appreciation and understanding of these cuisines has grown ten-fold,” noted Martin Breslin, Director for Culinary Operations. “The techniques are simple but vital to the authenticity of the flavors.”Harvard University Dining Services operates 13 residential dining halls, 14 campus retail cafes, a kosher kitchen and complete catering services.  The country’s oldest collegiate foodservice operation, HUDS serves approximately 5 million meals a year. Read Full Storylast_img read more

Dean Williams calls for focus on broad impacts of discrimination in America

first_img Read Full Story Widespread discrimination in America seriously threatens health and economic outcomes for millions of individuals and their communities—and these inequities should be spotlighted in the national discourse, according to Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health Dean Michelle Williams.In a Nov. 24, 2017 op-ed in the Boston Globe, Williams cited a recent survey — led by Robert Blendon of the Harvard Chan School and conducted in collaboration with NPR and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation — in which multiple ethnic groups in the U.S. reported facing pervasive discrimination. Discrimination “affects the job you will be hired for, your likelihood of renting an apartment or buying a house, whether you will be able to vote in future elections, and whether you are less willing to see a doctor for needed care,” Williams wrote.She cited research by Harvard Chan School’s David Williams that has shown that discrimination over time can lead to stress-induced illness and even death, and other studies that have shown the negative economic impact of discrimination. These outcomes negatively affect American society as a whole, Williams wrote.“If we cannot broaden the discussion, we will find ourselves in a situation where millions of people face serious health consequences…or lack opportunity, resulting in many minority groups being unable to function effectively in America’s changing economy,” she wrote. “Our country will be poorer and less just because of it.”Read Dean Michelle Williams’ Boston Globe op-ed: The broader, hurtful impacts of discriminationlast_img read more

Saint Mary’s students, faculty reflect on issues related to voting

first_imgEditor’s note: Throughout the 2018 midterm election season, The Observer sat down with various student organizations and professors to discuss political engagement and issues particularly pertinent to students. In this ninth installment, Saint Mary’s students discuss problems they have faced while trying to vote.Leading up to the 2018 midterm elections, many Saint Mary’s students realized their names had been removed, or purged, off voter rolls in their home states. Some students discovered this fact just days before the election.Political Science professor Patrick Pierce said one of his students and her entire family were purged from the voter rolls in St. Joseph County, Ind. Pierce said purging procedures vary on a state-by-state basis, and usually occur when a voter has not cast a ballot in recent elections. “Typically, [voter purging] pertains to removing someone from the voter rolls if they haven’t voted for a certain number of elections,” he said. “There was a relatively recent ruling [by the Supreme Court] that, if you didn’t vote in an election or two, you could be purged from the rolls, but that varies by state.”When a voter has failed to vote in recent elections, a confirmation notice is sent to the voter. If the voter does not respond to the notice in time, their name is purged from the role. Junior Guadalupe Gonzalez, president of the Saint Mary’s Define American club, said many Saint Mary’s students discovered they were purged from the rolls after checking their registration status online or by calling their local representative. “No warning was sent [but] thankfully, our students knew their right to a provisional ballot,” Gonzalez said. “But how many other people know about provisional ballots? This information and the process need to be more transparent.” Gonzalez said she has helped Saint Mary’s students register to vote during past elections, so she has witnessed the difficulties that many have to face just to get registered. “Every state has different policies, some more difficult than others,” she said. “We have students from Michigan who could not vote because Michigan demands first time voters vote in person — they cannot ask for an absentee ballot for their first time. Being a student compromises your ability to vote because you might not be able to take a day off to drive up.”Junior Mary Stechschulte, a Michigan resident, said she was not able to vote during the 2016 presidential election despite having registered to vote well in advance. During her freshman year at Saint Mary’s, Stechschulte said she registered to vote at a campus event and then drove home to vote at her designated polling place.  But, when Stechschulte entered the polling place, she discovered she was not actually registered to vote. “I walked into the polling station, and the lady checking IDs’ face dropped after looking up my name,” she said. “She said that I had not registered to vote. I was in shock; I had taken all of the necessary steps to be able to vote, even taking four hours from my busy college life to vote and the machine still said I had not registered.”Stechschulte said she was devastated walking out of the polling station.“I felt heartbroken,” she said. “I wanted to do my part for the election and vote for what I believed in.”Stechschulte said she and her family did everything they could to get her registered — they even sent a letter to the Secretary of State — but the problem was discovered too late to allow Stechschulte to vote in the 2016 election. When Stechschulte returned to campus, she said she discussed what had happened with her friends. She soon realized she was not the only student who did not get to vote in the election. “After some more discussion with my friends, I realized that I was not the only college-aged student who mysteriously did not get registered to vote,” she said. “I did receive my registration confirmation from the Secretary of State a few days after the official numbers came back from my home state [of Michigan], but it was too late for me to vote.”Junior Genesis Vasquez’s early voter registration was rejected two days before the midterm elections. She said she applied for an absentee ballot but never received it. “Two days before the election, I got an email saying I would not get the ballot because my signature did not match and I may not be registered where I indicated on my application,” she said. “Which was a lie, because before I did the application, I updated my address.” Like Stechschulte, Vasquez said the right to vote is not something she takes for granted. “Voting is really important to me because my parents have had trouble becoming citizens and cannot vote,” she said. “I vote for them, and I vote to have good people in office that will make a positive change and do something new that will benefit the people.” Despite never receiving an absentee ballot, Vasquez said she was able to return to her hometown of Chicago and cast her vote in the midterm elections. However, Vasquez said she feels it was not a fluke that her registration was rejected. “I know I was not the only one who had a similar experience to this,” she said. “My friend and I said, ‘The system tried to not let us vote, but we were not going to let that happen.’ I was very fortunate that I am from Chicago and I could have gone to vote.”Pierce said he also knew of students who have experienced trouble obtaining an absentee ballot. Pierce said these election administration issues have always been apparent, but they were more evident during the recent midterm elections because of the high level of turnout among young people. “You’re seeing the problem amplified because turnout is higher,” he said. “You have more people who want to vote, so when the system isn’t operating effectively, you’ll have more evidence of that ineffectiveness. This was an extraordinary election for young people in terms of turnout and partisanship, because you saw them breaking for the Democrats far more strongly than young people ever have.”Gonzalez said the midterm election and even the past presidential election raise the issue of voter suppression. She said she feels that most Americans do not see voter suppression as “a real issue.” People will look for obvious intent behind acts of voter suppression, but Pierce said voter suppression often occurs because of structural issues.“Counties have gotten used to getting by with what they have — they have increasingly faced tough fiscal situations, so they’re looking for areas to cut,” he said. “That gets manifested in reducing the number of polling places and having fewer staff within the county offices. You will find those issues affecting counties with poorer citizens.”This kind of voter suppression can manifest itself as long lines for the polls, shortened deadlines for early voting and malfunctioning voting equipment, Pierce said.Often, Gonzalez said, voter suppression occurs in underrepresented or marginalized communities and many Americans do not hear about the issues that plague these communities. For example, in the midterm election, some polling places opened late, disrupting people’s work schedules and daily lives. “We’ve heard how some polling places were not open until noon, and if they were open, there were only three machines and a waiting period of hours to just vote,” Gonzalez said. “When you are an individual that depends on that paycheck, it takes a real effort to take even 30 minutes out of a work day to vote.”  Pierce said that the public should pay more attention to acts of voter suppression, with a focus on voting purges and Voter ID laws.“Voter suppression is certainly something that’s out there and you can witness it most easily in the purges and Voter ID laws — those are probably the two egregious examples of voter suppression,” he said. Pierce said civic engagement has seen a shift in concern, from a worries about increasing voter turnout to a concerns about the “false issue of voter fraud.” The concept of voter fraud was referenced by President Trump in early 2017, who established a presidential commission to study alleged voter fraud.“There is simply no evidence of any significant and meaningful voter fraud going on,” Pierce said. “You’ve distracted people and redefined the issue so that it’s not longer about a democracy and engaging everyone to participate in the process.”Pierce said Americans should be more concerned about Voter ID laws than voter fraud. “Voter ID laws are really important and awful,” he said. “They’re new, so there’s not much political science literature on the topic, but the most important work, which was done by a couple of folks who are at [University of California at] San Diego, found that Voter ID laws significantly reduced turnout among folks of color and folks who were liberal.” Gonzalez said news about voter suppression should move people to action. Some of the ways to prevent voter suppression, she said, include educating ourselves on the history of voting rights in America, engaging in conversations about voting rights and volunteering to help register people to vote.  “Research who is running and pay attention to their campaigns,” she said. “It is also so rewarding to be part of elections by volunteering. I cannot vote, but I still consider myself American and I understand my civic duty as raising awareness and encouraging participation. I find volunteering in this way does work as a catalyst.”Part of this awareness involves encouraging and teaching students to follow up on their registration, Gonzalez said. “We could set up times where we tell students, ‘it’s time to call your polling place,’ just to be completely sure,” she said. “And again, we just need to really work on preparing students for what to do if [their vote] has been rejected.”Gonzalez said every American should have the opportunity to vote in every election. “How can we call ourselves a democracy, an exemplary one at that, if there is no equity in access so every citizen can vote and guarantee that every vote will be counted,” she said. Tags: Midterms, president trump, voter suppression, voting, voting purgelast_img read more

Saint Mary’s department of chemistry and physics launches new project to test local well water

first_imgAlthough water is one of the most abundant resources in the world, it exists on a wide spectrum of drinkability. Bottled water tends to be the safest option, while river and lake water should be considered non-potable. However, well water falls into a gray area. At times it can be consumed safely, but it can also potentially contain dangerous heavy metals.City water is tested regularly, but testing for well water is completed much less frequently, as it must be done at the homeowner’s expense, according to a flyer distributed by the Saint Mary’s department of chemistry and physics.This means heavy metals, such as arsenic, can build up in the water, and according to the flyer, “long term exposure can pose a significant health risk.”The department hopes to aid Saint Mary’s students and the wider community in learning how to test their well water.Their water-testing project began about two years ago as a community research study.“Community research is a little challenging, because the pathway to getting a project is less obvious than with more traditional science research,” Kimberly Cossey, chemistry professor and head of the project, said in an email.Cossey said she began at the local level of community engagement.“The first step of any community research is meeting people and networking, so that you know what is needed,” Cossey said in the email.Then, the group had to map out the exact procedure the department would use to test the well water.“The next step was to determine the methods that we would use for the science part of the project,” she said in the email. “I decided to use ICP-OES (an instrument used to test water samples), which [test] not only arsenic but also other heavy metals, even in low concentrations. Thus, we could test for multiple potential contaminants at once, and give residents the results.”Cossey and a student collaborator, senior chemistry major Katelyn Long, have begun a pilot study where students will be able to test and send in the results from their water.This process is fairly simple, Cossey said.“We give residents a kit that has water bottles, and instructions on how to collect their water,” she said in the email. “They run the tap for a few minutes, and then collect the water into the water bottle. Residents can test multiple locations in their home, as water is not the same from every tap (due to things like water softeners, RO [reverse-osmosis] filters, etc.)”Next, Cossey will test the water with Long.“They bring the samples back to Saint Mary’s, and we treat the samples with chemicals,” she said in the email. “This is necessary for testing, and also makes sure that the samples stay ‘useable’ until we can test them.”According to Cossey, the next steps for the project involve collecting, calibrating and distributing data from the project.“The primary goal is to decrease health risks in the community by letting people know what’s in their drinking water,” Cossey said in the email. “We don’t want anyone to be drinking water with arsenic or lead on a regular basis without realizing it.”The project also seeks to discover local problem areas that may have issues, she said.“We are also looking for patterns in location and time,” Cossey said. “After testing one location found to have arsenic for several months, we have found that the amount of arsenic varies. … By mapping the places where high levels are found, we can identify neighborhoods that may need more immediate testing. This way those residents can know if they should be concerned.”Tags: department of physics and chemistry, South Bend, South Bend community, waterlast_img read more

Area Manufacturer Sends Employees Home Following Possible COVID Infection

first_imgImage by Justin Gould / WNY News Now.LAKEWOOD — Workers at a Lakewood manufacturing facility were sent home this week after an employee came in contact with COVID-19.Employees at Matco Tools, all of who requested anonymity, tell WNYNewsNow workers on the plant’s second shift team were notified of the possible transmission on Thursday.The employee who came in contact with the active cases immediately left his place of work as a precaution.Later in the day, employees say everyone on second shift was instructed to go home and not return until Monday where further information would be given. Around 100 people reportedly work during the second shift operations.WNYNewsNow has left a message with Matco Tool’s Public Relations and is awaiting a call back.Based in Ohio, Matco Tools is a manufacturer and distributor of automotive repair tools, diagnostic equipment, and toolboxes.The company is a subsidiary of Fortive Corporation, a Fortune 500 company and key player in several industries, including tools, environmental and industrial process and control markets. Share:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window)last_img read more